狗如何帮助猎豹

更新于2019年5月1日
希利的猎豹(Acinonyx jubatus)的犬友安那托利亚牧羊人雪人(Yeti)摄于加利福尼亚埃斯孔迪多(Escondido)的圣地亚哥动物园野生动物园
warriorwoman531 / Flickr / CC BY-ND 2.0

狗早已被认为是人'是最好的朋友,但他们的忠诚度和保护性特征也使他们获得了鲜为人知的头衔。"cheetah's best friend." That's right; dogs are being used more and more frequently to assist in conservation efforts to preserve the endangered 猎豹 both in captivity and in the wild.

狗在动物园

自1980年代以来, 圣地亚哥动物园野生动物园 has assigned companion dogs to 猎豹s that are involved in the zoo'圈养繁殖计划。公园动物培训主管Janet Rose-Hinostroza解释说:

"A dominant dog is very helpful because 猎豹s are quite shy instinctively, and you can't breed that out of them. When you pair them, the 猎豹 looks to the dog for cues and learns to model their behavior. It'关于让他们阅读狗的镇定,快乐运气的想法。

通过这种不同寻常的伙伴关系安慰猎豹的主要目的是使它们在被俘虏的环境中放轻松,以便它们能够与其他猎豹一起繁殖。害羞和焦虑'这对于繁殖计划来说是个好兆头,因此猎豹与狗之间形成的种间友谊实际上可以使这只稀有猫的长期生存受益。

公园招募的狗通常是从避难所中救出的,这些无家可归的犬类成为生活中的新目的。

我最喜欢的狗是霍珀(Hopper),因为我们在杀人庇护所发现了他,'才40磅,但他和阿玛拉住在一起,阿玛拉's our toughest 猎豹 by far. It'与力量或压倒性无关。它's about developing a positive relationship where the 猎豹 takes her cues from the dog.

猎豹幼崽与约3或4个月大的犬科动物配对。他们首先在篱笆的对面碰面,门将walking着狗walking着皮带。如果一切顺利的话,两只动物就可以见面了。"play date,"尽管最初为了安全起见,都将它们拴在皮带上。

We're very protective of our 猎豹s, so the introduction is a painfully slow process but a lot of fun. There are lots of toys and distractions, and they're like two cute little kids who desperately want to play. But 猎豹s are instinctively hardwired to feel uneasy so you have to wait and let the cat make the first move.

Once the 猎豹 and dog establish a bond and prove to play well without leashes, they are moved into a shared living space where they spend almost every moment together, except feeding time, when the zoo'狗可以聚集,嬉戏和一起吃饭。

狗是这种关系中的主导者,所以如果我们没有't separate them, the dog would eat all the 猎豹's food and we'd have a really skinny 猎豹 and a really chubby dog.

在动物园之中'杂种狗的乘员是一只纯种 安那托利亚牧羊犬 known as Yeti. Yeti was recruited to help 猎豹s and also to act as a sort of mascot, representing her cousins in Africa who have revolutionized predator management and saved many 猎豹s from being killed in defense of livestock.

野狗

猎豹保护基金会's Livestock Guarding Dog Program is a successful, innovative program that has been helping to save wild 猎豹s in Namibia since 1994.

While 安那托利亚牧羊犬s in Namibia do not work in cooperation with 猎豹s, they still contribute to the wild cats' survival.

Before the dogs were employed as conservation tools, 猎豹s were shot and trapped by ranchers who were trying to protect their goat herds. Dr. Laurie Marker, founder of the 猎豹保护基金, began training 安那托利亚牧羊犬s to protect the herds as a non-lethal predator management strategy, and since then, wild 猎豹 populations have been on the rise.